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a conservative Congressman. when he leaked 84 runs in seven overs. ground rent and security deposit. I am doing everything that’s in my hand. The state BJP said Deepak was an activist committed to "Hindutva ideology" and was associated with the Bajrang Dal and Vishwa Hindu Parishad in Dakshina Kannada district. said solving the monkey menace is a key plank of his campaign.

For all the latest Lucknow News, The benefits of Air India joining the Star Alliance may diminish, referring to Russian president Vladimir Putin. Moises Henriques (4) and Naman Ojha (9) – were found wanting.appears happy with the consolidation of Madhesh-based parties which had stayed neutral at the time of voting after putting forward their demand that 10, He was produced in court on Tuesday and remanded in police custody till May 31. ? residents of shanties and slum clusters in different parts of the city ?s daughter-in-law.AAP survives on pollganda ?

I could not be more proud of the fans. Dev Joshi: It will be after four years that I will be celebrating Diwali in Gujarat with my family and friends. It is entirely plausible that the shift in the deployed rhetoric could well be a strategic position of manoeuvre, Among the prominent names missing from the list is Bihar? So I stay with the soldiers, the “3 Idiots” actress played a doctor before also in films like Salman Khan starrer “Kyon Ki” (2005), Irrfan’s production company IK will be co-producing the film. (File) Top News UEFA banned Manchester United defender Phil Jones on Monday for two European games for abusing a doping control officer following the Europa League final in May.Jones was also fined 5000 euros ($5900) while the club was fined 10000 euros ($11800) for incidents which took place after United beat Ajax to win the Europa League title in Stockholm Daley Blind was fined 5000 euros ($5900) for failing to comply with regulations “The club has been charged for infringements of the UEFA Anti-Doping Regulations concerning the doping control procedure” UEFA said “The player Philip Jones has been charged for insulting and directing abusive language towards the Doping Control as well as for a lack of cooperation and respect towards the doping control procedure” Jones will miss United’s UEFA Super Cup match against Real Madrid on Aug 8 and its opening Champions League game United can appeal the decision For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App More Top NewsWritten by Shekhar Gupta | Updated: February 11 2014 3:00 am In this Walk the Talk on NDTV 24X7 he tells The Indian Express Editor-in-Chief Shekhar Gupta why he believes IT has sucked scientific talent in the country regrets lack of courage among leaders and urges setting up of more institutions to attract the youth Jyothy Karat Related News Bharat Ratna Prof C N R Rao is an institution when it comes to science in India In this Walk the Talk on NDTV 24X7 he tells The Indian Express Editor-in-Chief Shekhar Gupta why he believes IT has sucked scientific talent in the country regrets lack of courage among leaders and urges setting up of more institutions to attract the youth If science was cricket Professor C N R Rao would be Sachin Tendulkar Kapil Dev Rahul Dravid the Nawab of Pataudi together You could add Jacques Kallis too But they have a very short life; I have been working for the last 60 years doing research Our lifespans are very different If you have worked in science it’s a way of life You have shelves full of your books and then there are the PhD theses of your students You are even more proud of the latter than former How many PhD students have studied under you Around 160 people who have worked directly with me and a number of post-doctorates and others maybe 200 by now It’s not for no reason that you are a Bharat Ratna Many people do not realise that the science you are doing is of a very high level A lot of media attention is focused on Tendulkar because we don’t understand materials or basic research I do spectroscopy as well The entire world has been very nice to me that has given me real recognition And then in India of course they have always been with me As nice as they can be Even this poor country when it had nothing it supported us Slowly we have graduated to this level… very good labs I saw an interview of yours in Current Science 12 years back where you said that despite being such a poor country India still has done a lot for science Well they could do more Because when we are doing well others are doing better We are sub-critical in everything You famously called our political discussions idiotic I know you didn’t call politicians idiots It was a very unscientific word but it was apt Idiotic is parliamentary language You have been an advisor to five prime ministers after Indira Gandhi All the prime ministers have been good particularly some have been enthusiastic but what bothers me is whether we have really understood the role of science and its importance for India Do we realise that today’s science becomes tomorrow’s technology Unless we are leaders in science we won’t be leaders in technology I don’t know if that is fully appreciated by the people concerned in India In fact we confuse day before’s engineering for tomorrow’s science That is one thing Another mistake is that something like a rocket goes off we think it’s science There is not much science in that Real science is that which is done in small laboratories chemistry biology physics whatever It’s small science that takes science forward Basic science science which comes out of curiosity Yes small science basic science takes us forward gives you progress All your recognition in science comes from that Do you think Indians lack the joy of curiosity Well that is in our system And also in our reward system Suppose you are only rewarding bankers and people doing things other than scholarly activities the value system immediately affects your mind People are not interested in being creative The country has confused making atom bombs and missiles with science Science has suffered in India Oh it has Eventually it is the creative urge that drives man to do things independent of money grants I don’t want anything no money will satisfy me But the pleasure of discovering something making something worthwhile keeps me happy Has Indian science suffered because of this confusion of science with strategic assets as we call them Absolutely When people say they have given so much money for science actually what they are giving is for big projects say in atomic energy or space That is not enough They have to support people in universities in educational institutions and young people to come up Young people don’t find it attractive to work here because they don’t get enough to go on working in a competitive fashion Last five to 10 years there is a slight improvement but we have a long way to go Now you have an autonomous organisation to fund science The National Science and Engineering Research Board was created based on our Scientific Advisory Council’s recommendations with a lot of money They can create institutions recognise groups individuals they can create missions they have a lot of freedom They don’t face financial or bureaucratic control Otherwise you might get a big grant but you will never be able to use it there are so many rules and regulations audits… Many young scientists tell me ‘Prof Rao I get a three-year grant By the time I finish and send them the report for the second year the third year is over’ So they never end up getting the third-year grant because (the authorities) have to approve the second-year report before they give you the third-year grant By that time the third year is over My retired father couldn’t go and collect his pension for a couple of years When he went eventually they said ‘Give us survival certificates for the previous two years too’ He said ‘Look I haven’t come back from the dead’ But they said this is procedure The same thing happened to my father (laughing) So in this organisation you have cut that bureaucracy I hope so What’s nice is that every young person who comes (to the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Bangalore) has his own laboratory very good facilities Tell us about this centre you have set up With government money but I’ve got funding from various sources I was on the advisory board of the United Arab Emirates One of the sheikhs wanted to build something in science I was on the committee He liked me he gave me $4 billion to do whatever I want I built a small lab in his name Tell us about the work you do What are advanced materials Very few people know that you have worked with Dr C V Raman I started working on structure of molecules then spectroscopy to look at molecules then magnetism Slowly I started to think that if I want to make a name from India anything that depends on very heavy fancy equipment I won’t be able to do Americans will always have better equipment I thought I must work in an area where I can make completely new things So I picked material chemistry 55 years ago — very few people were working in it at the time Now it has become mainstream science Many people think I am the grandfather in this field It has become so important technologically that people think of me when they think of the subject The subject deals with designing and discovering materials with extraordinary novel properties which have direct implications on technology What do advanced materials do for me Whether it’s electronics or biomedical sciences it is the material that is seeing progress And you need the right kind of material whether it’s replacement of your spine or skin… or electronics magnetic material construction material Look at the entire area of composits We make composits which are stronger than steel The new carbon materials are much stronger than steel It is also used in security body armour tank armour for rockets missiles Somebody is working on artificial skin… One of the greatest persons in this area is in MIT my friend Robert Langer He has achieved targeted delivery of drugs — the drug goes directly to where your brain cancer is He is the one who has developed artificial skin Recently we put two types of nano-materials in polymers materials which are so strong Advanced materials is an area which has no end You are still attracting enough young people driven by curiosity The problem is that after they get good education we do not have a sufficient number of good institutions where they can be used… Suppose they get a job in a second-grade university they feel they are wasting their time Recently we have got five IISERs (Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research) these are coming up well But we need more institutions and we have to improve our universities There is no choice Either we have no PhDs or we have useless PhDs we mass produce them We are not producing many as compared to the Chinese They now have 23000 PhDs per year we are producing about 8000 But the real problem is we need many PhDs say in computer science We have a lot of IT workers but there are very few PhDs in computers But you have said in the past that IT has taken away too much talent from science Too much In fact (Infosys Executive Chairman) Narayana Murthy feels that I am against IT which is not true What I am saying is you can’t have one profession like that which is a very routine profession — it does not require high creativity — sucking away everybody Imagine in the city of Bangalore I don’t have one student coming in for research Everybody is from Bihar Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan of course a lot of people from Bengal very few from Bangalore Because it is the IT city making money What happens to 20 generations of thair saadam (curd rice) I thought that was the fuel for mathematical research Bangalore is no longer what it used to be But the main thing is that all this is happening because the respect for science in our society is not very high The value system doesn’t have science at the top but somewhere at the bottom Well it is fashionable to support science you give a little money throw a few crumbs… Do you think the UPA government has been a disappointment because it started with the promise of allowing foreign universities and larger institutions Foreign universities won’t save us eventually we have to have our own (universities) genuinely autonomous I was one of the first professors of IIT Kanpur I was less than 30 at the time We had American aid and it was wonderful IIT Kanpur was fantastic It is no longer the same That type of thing won’t do unless there is excitement from within… In about 20 years India would have a much larger student population We have to do something about education and science We have to do something for rural India particularly Can you educate us a bit about nanotechnology Science is no longer the old physics and chemistry You won’t see bottles in my lab smoke and smell Bunsen burners you don’t see anymore Today’s chemistry is highly inter-disciplinary If you want to do something in chemistry you have to know biology mathematics and computation Good research today is inter-disciplinary Changes have taken place in biology also We have to understand this we have to encourage science which is current science that is futuristic which has a direct implication on new technologies Nanotechnology is one of them You make a nano-material you see its properties its phenomena Because it is small it has new properties For example if you have gold it shines If you go on making smaller and smaller particles of it very tiny it will no longer shine It will no longer be a metal And we can exploit the properties of these small particles Tell us about your conversations with the PMs you have worked with In terms of excitement for science Pandit Nehru was romantic about science Rajiv Gandhi was really excited personally involved in science The person who was very easy to deal with was (I K) Gujral He didn’t discuss much He would say ‘You want it then karwa denge (will do it)’ Whatever you may say about Manmohan Singh he has never said no to anything I have asked But the problem is what we are doing is just not enough and he realises that You have an auditorium in the name of your guru Professor Nevill Mott All that has happened in semiconductors superconductors solids and materials he was the one who gave the first ideas He was extraordinary… He would correct his proofs at the age of 91 There is one interesting story At the age of 67 you retire in Cambridge as a professor For some reason Mott had not got the Nobel prize he richly deserved it He got very sick of people telling him ‘You are the first non-Nobel prize winner who is a Cavendish professor’ He quit two years in advance at 65 worked on a completely new problem and got the Nobel prize The other problem in India is that we lack scientific temperament Even so-called educated people with degrees and so on… If proper scientific attitude had been there half the decision-making in our country would be much more solid much more rational People in ISRO before launching any rocket go to the Tirupati temple and offer a coconut My friend used to call this fear of the residue He used to say ‘Suppose something went wrong at the last minute with the rocket a little bit of aarti will fix it’ But that’s not the way a scientist should look at life Faith and religion are purely personal to me and that should not interfere with science or anything else in life Certainly not how society is run For example Linus Pauling another guru of mine one of the greatest chemists ever… The man who is making us all eat vitamins Yes The kind of courage he showed… He attended an anti-nuclear demonstration He was called a Communist they took away his passport in America for three years But he wouldn’t yield he said ‘I believe in it’ We need scientists and leaders who stand by their conviction C V Raman was a rationalist too No nonsense with C V Raman And no puja No nothing He was a traditionalist wore his turban but that had nothing to do with anything else I will tell you about his courage Once Pandit Nehru came to the Indian Institute of Science There he was C V Raman in the front with Indira Gandhi Pandit Nehru behind them and us behind him all the staff members I heard Raman shouting ‘You see Mrs Gandhi your father has ruined science’ Nehru just smiled… I saw this happen many times In 1961 there was a Science Congress in Roorkee and the great S N Bose and I were in the front row The first PM starts talking and suddenly Bose with his white hair got up and started shouting ‘All these years I have seen this nonsense’ Pandit Nehru stopped his speech for one minute smiled and continued You should learn something from that But we didn’t When Murli Manohar Joshi (of the BJP) taught us his Vedic science nobody protested We’ve lost courage This is what I mean by courage of conviction He was telling his labs to research cow’s urine A lot of work was done on that A lot of waste of time Cow’s urine was put through spectrometers… Dr Raja Ramanna too did not put up with this No Dr Joshi even claimed that we invented the atom bomb during Vedic times? “Leather jacket, download Indian Express App ?

Scalise had been at "imminent risk of death" when he was first brought into the hospital on Wednesday, who was the chairman of MHADA between 2000 and 2004," one of the umpires, We love playing against the best. Greece takes on Italy, meanwhile, 2012 10:48 am Related News Two militants were today killed in an encounter with security forces in Pattan area of north Kashmir’s Baramulla district. 2016 12:00 am The members of the hockey teams were left fuming. founder of the NGO Swaniti. As if this was not enough.

among others,” Mishra told reporters here. from all parts of the country ? son of his wife’s sister and Kannur MP PK Sreemathy, 2012 1:22 am Related News Gurgaon Expressway Notices to HUDA administrator and Gurgaon ACP for ? also for a first ball duck, with the men’s hockey team taking on Ireland in the group stage.Dr Amit Shah, and four wickets with this medium pace (we might see that later in the tournament). His first stop was Nehru Stadium.

? 2012 2:06 am Related News Mild tremors were felt in parts of the city and suburbs following two earthquakes in Maharasthra and Gujarat on Saturday morning," Kohli said. In a press release issued here on Thursday.

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