Nearly a year after thousands of trees were destroyed by Hurricane Michael, Georgia pecan producers are reporting the dieback of pecan branches and leaf burning in trees that survived the October 2018 storm, according to Lenny Wells, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension pecan specialist.The conditions, which are occurring in trees ranging from 2 to 15 years old, are not uncommon following storms that feature high winds, Wells said, attributing the problems to delayed hurricane damage.“The trees got knocked around so much in that storm, even if it didn’t blow them down, it shook them around enough that it broke some of those roots underground and they haven’t been able to regrow enough roots yet to support the growth that the tree is trying to make,” Wells said.Now that the temperatures have risen and the water demand has gone up, those trees are basically “in shock,” Wells said, and don’t have the roots they need to support them.Wells says growers whose trees are showing these symptoms need to improve the root to shoot ratio and keep the roots watered.“Growers need to cut some of the tree back and try to get the top of the tree back in line with what the roots can support,” he said. “The more severe the dieback, the more you need to cut the tree back. The worst trees may need to be cut back by half if the cambium is still green under the bark.”Wells has seen similar symptoms in older trees that were pushed down by high winds but stood back up and righted after the storm by farmers. When the trees were erected, the roots were broken on the other side of the tree. These trees had enough root to survive initially, but the combination of intense summer heat and high water demand led to their demise, he said.Scab diseaseWells has also fielded his share of calls regarding scab, a fungal disease that infects the leaves or nuts of pecan trees. If it hits early enough, scab can cause the pecan nuts to blacken and fall from the tree.After a late dry spell in May, Georgia has received adequate rainfall in June and July, which has increased instances of scab disease in some orchards.“It’s pretty rough so far this year. We’re seeing it on ‘Desirable’ and ‘Pawnee’. We’re starting to see it on some varieties we haven’t seen as much in years past, like ‘Stuart’,” Wells said. “The rain has certainly given us a lot of disease pressure and we’re at the point in the season where, if growers do have a crop, they can’t let up at all on those varieties that are susceptible.”Wells recommends growers space their spray treatments 10 days apart.For up-to-date information about Georgia’s pecan industry, see site.extension.uga.edu/pecan.
Ørsted has officially opened the Hornsea Two Offshore Construction Base (HTOCB) at Humberside Airport in Lincolnshire.The building, formerly a police station at the airport, will now house around 30 Ørsted employees who will be working around the clock to construct the 1.4GW wind farm.Hornsea Two, located 89 kilometres off the Yorkshire Coast, will be able to power over 1.3 million homes when complete in 2022 taking the title as the world’s biggest offshore wind farm from the neighbouring 1,214MW Hornsea One offshore wind farm which is currently under construction.“The new offshore construction management office is the ideal location for our logistical project planning, and means we can move people and equipment offshore efficiently and safely using the heliport at Humberside airport,” Jason Ledden, leading the construction team as Senior Project Manager, said.”Not only have we been able to repurpose and redevelop a building that had fallen empty on the airport estate, we’ve also been able to utilise equipment and furniture from some of our previous projects in the region to ensure the build is sustainable and continue Ørsted’s green ethos.”Construction progress updateOnshore cable works have begun, undertaken by Preston-based VolkerInfra, and construction of the onshore substation is progressing. Most of the major contracts have now been awarded and offshore construction is due to begin 2020.All 165 turbines are being supplied by Siemens Gamesa, with the majority of blades being manufactured at their facility in Hull.Despite having fewer turbines than sister project Hornsea One, the project will use a newly manufactured larger blade to generate more power. The blades have been specifically developed for the site by the Siemens Gamesa site in Hull and are around the same length as ten busses.Ørsted’s East Coast Hub – the world’s largest operations and maintenance base, located in Grimsby, is expected to open later this month.
The alliance between Air New Zealand and Singapore Airlines took flight early Tuesday morning with the first return service between New Zealand and Singapore departing Auckland just after midnight.From tomorrow the Star Alliance carriers will each operate one daily return service between Auckland and Singapore, adding to that, Singapore Airlines will also operate a daily return service between Christchurch and Singapore.Air New Zealand chief executive officer Christopher Luxon, said that the launch of the alliance is an exciting way to kick off 2015.“Our New Zealand – Singapore service is a key to our Pacific Rim strategy, providing our customers with not only a convenient direct service, but great connectivity to South East Asia and markets beyond,” Mr Luxon said.The launch of the alliance is exciting news for the airlines’ customers with Air New Zealand operating to Singapore for the first time in eight years and Singapore Airlines now operating the Airbus A380 on the route.Through the alliance, both the carriers aim to increase capacity between New Zealand and Singapore by up to 30 per cent year-round over time, while delivering enhanced benefits to customers.In addition to the increased capacity Air New Zealand’s customers can now enjoy codeshare connectivity to more than 50 additional destinations on the Singapore Airlines and SilkAir networks, and a further 40 routes in the Air New Zealand network.Source = ETB Travel News: Lewis Wiseman