More Fossils Appear Abruptly

first_img(Visited 17 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Two more finds show spectacular stasis – the lack of evolution.Echinoderms:  A core from the North Sea shows fossils of echinoderms (a phylum including sea stars, sea urchins and sea cucumbers) doing just fine at an evolutionary date of 114 million years (early Cretaceous) – far earlier than previously supposed.  European scientists said, “the evidence points to an early Mesozoic or older colonization of deep-sea habitats by the modern fauna.”  This discovery causes another rethink: deep sea marine organisms are more resistant to presumed mass extinctions in the geological timeline than previously thought.  From the abstract of their paper in PLoS ONE:Our discovery provides the first key fossil evidence that a significant part of the modern deep-sea fauna is considerably older than previously assumed. As a consequence, most major paleoceanographic events had far less impact on the diversity of deep-sea faunas than has been implied. It also suggests that deep-sea biota are more resilient to extinction events than shallow-water forms, and that the unusual deep-sea environment, indeed, provides evolutionary stability which is very rarely punctuated on macroevolutionary time scales.  (Thuy B, Gale AS, Kroh A, Kucera M, Numberger-Thuy LD, et al. (2012) Ancient Origin of the Modern Deep-Sea Fauna. PLoS ONE 7(10): e46913. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046913.)The summary on PhysOrg emphasized the problem for evolutionary theory by quoting the lead author Ben Thuy, who said, “We were amazed to see that a 114 million year old deep-sea assemblage was so strikingly similar to the modern equivalents.”  Watch the two instances of “than previously thought” in this quote:According to the authors, this evidence shows that the ancestors of modern deep-sea animals have lived in these deep waters for much longer than previously thought. That this collection of fossils appears to have survived several drastic changes in oceanic climates also suggests that deep-sea biodiversity may be more resilient than shallow-water life forms, and more resistant to extinction events than previously thought.Another Cambrian explosion problem:  Priapulids are strange worms that show almost no evolution since the Cambrian explosion.  Science Daily shows a picture of a modern, living priapulid along with an article that describes how they cause selective physical pain to evolutionists:He explained: “The fossils from the Cambrian period can cause a real headache for evolutionary biologists. Instinct tells us to expect simple organisms evolving over time to become increasingly more complex. However during the Cambrian period there was an apparent explosion of different major groups of animals, all appearing simultaneously in the fossil record. We looked at priapulid worms, which were among the first ever predators. What’s remarkable is that they had already evolved into a diverse array of forms — comparable to the morphological variety of their living cousins — when we first encounter them in the Cambrian fossil record. It’s precisely this apparent explosion of anatomical diversity that vexed Darwin and famously attracted the attention of Harvard biologist Stephen Jay Gould.”Casey Luskin commented on this discovery at Evolution News & Views.Here at Creation-Evolution Headlines, we frequently publicize findings that contradict Darwinian expectations.  Here is a prime example: evolutionary biologists themselves, along with their lapdog media, state clearly and without contradiction that these fossil finds were unexpected, were surprising, and cause headaches.  The second story especially shows absolutely no evolution in 530 million years! (see Casey Luskin’s comparison photographs at ENV).  Science Daily stated clearly that [evolutionary] “instinct” told them what to expect, but “different major groups of animals” appeared “simultaneously in the fossil record.”  This reality “vexed Darwin” and still causes a “real headache for evolutionary biologists” today, 153 years later, because the situation has gotten worse since Darwin barfed over it.  How much falsification do you need?  Our pages are loaded with 12 years of evidence like this.  We need to hold this evidence up in front of the Sean Carrolls and Eugenie Scotts of the Darwin Party Propaganda Machine and confront them with it, without letting them get away with sidestepping or bluffing or red herrings.  They expected x, but they got non-x and even anti-x.  It’s game over for Darwin.  Make them face up to it.last_img read more

Farmer cooperators needed to document effects of pipelines on soil

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Numerous natural gas pipelines have been approved across the state with installation to begin this winter and continue over the next several years. These installations are statewide projects that will collectively result in a large amount of soil disturbance. The effect of this disturbance on crop productivity, and how long it may persist is largely unknown.Ohio State Extension will be starting a pilot study to document the effects of pipeline installations on crop productivity over the next several years. We are looking for interested farmers who will have a pipeline installed through their farm to participate.Our approach will be to use paired-comparisons of 1) area disturbed by pipeline installation versus 2) adjacent area that was not disturbed. We will compare soil properties and yield maps between installation area and adjacent area over the next several years. We will need numerous sites to have scientifically robust information.Interested farmer cooperators wanting to document the effects on their farm will need to:1. Identify and GPS reference one or more paired areas on their farms. These paired areas should be as similar as possible (equally productive, same soil type, same slope, tile, drainage, organic matter, etc.)2. Have yield map files from 2015 harvest in these areas (preferably have yield maps from several previous years).3. Sample baseline soils in these areas this fall after harvest but prior to pipeline installation.4. Be committed to sample soils and crop tissue from these areas and share yield maps from these areas every year.We are calling this a pilot project because we have yet to secure funding to conduct this research. But we need baseline information before the installation for the study to be meaningful. Interested famers/ landholders can contact Steve Culman for more information: culman.2@osu.edu, (330) 263-3787.last_img read more

Now, law books in Braille for administrators

first_imgFor the first time, all law books required by visually impaired administrative officials in Odisha are being printed in Braille format. The law books are being transcribed into Braille and then printed at the Red Cross Computerised Braille Press in Berhampur, the only Braille press in the State. Till now 20 volumes of law books have been printed in Braille, including books on basic laws as well as service rules of government servants. According to Braille press manager Prakash Narayan Rath, 17 more law books would be printed in Braille in the coming months. “Last year two visually impaired youths qualified for the Odisha Administrative Service. There was a need for law books in Braille for their training and future operation. So in December last year, the Social Security and Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities Department ordered printing of all law books of concern to administrators in Braille form,” said Mr. Rath. The law books that have been already been transcribed into Braille include the ones related to law and order like the Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure, Dowry Prevention Act and Orissa Police Act. To help visually impaired administrators in revenue matters, Braille books on Manual of Tahsil Accounts, Orissa Survey and Settlement Manual, Orissa Government Land Settlement Act, Orissa Mutation Manual, Orissa Moneylenders Manual and Orissa Law of Mines and Minerals have been printed. Braille law books also include Prevention of Corruption Act, Essential Commodities Act, Orissa Irrigation Act, Orissa Schedule Areas Transfer of Immovable Property Act and Orissa Panchayat Samity Manual. The compilation of Government of Odisha Service Rules in four volumes and Orissa Civil Service Rules-1962 in two volumes have also been printed in Braille. According to Mr. Rath, transcribing law books into Braille will have long-lasting benefits. “In the computerised Braille press, we have saved the e-version of all these books and whenever the need arrives we can easily reprint them,” he said. Former Ganjam Bar Association secretary Manoj Patnaik welcomed the decision, saying it will encourage more and more visually impaired persons to take up government administrative jobs.last_img read more